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    化糞池清理時有哪些注意事項呢?

    來源:http://www.bloodofeden.com  發布時間:2020-05-18 15:00:50

    化糞池清理作業規范及注意事項
    Operation specifications and precautions for septic tank cleaning
    化糞池是處理糞便并加以過濾沉淀的設備。其原理是固化物在池底分解,上層的水化物體,進入管道流走,防止了管道堵塞,給固化物體(糞便等垃圾)有充足的時間水解。化糞池指的是將生活污水分格沉淀,及對污泥進行厭氧消化的小型處理構筑物。
    Septic tank is a kind of equipment for treating feces and filtering and settling them. The principle is that the solidified substance decomposes at the bottom of the pool, the upper layer of hydrated substance flows into the pipeline, preventing the pipeline from blocking, and giving the solidified substance (excrement and other wastes) sufficient time for hydrolysis. The septic tank refers to a small treatment structure that divides the domestic sewage into compartments for sedimentation and anaerobic digestion of sludge.
    濟南化糞池清理
    質量要求
    quality requirement
    化糞池的清掏周期與糞便污水溫度、氣溫、建筑物性質及排水水質、水量有關。設計清掏周期過短,則化糞池糞液濃度過高,與實際清掏周期差距過大,影響正常發酵和污水處理效果,甚至造成糞液漫溢,影響環境衛生。設計清掏周期過長,則化糞池容積過大,增加造價。《建筑給水排水設計規范》(以下簡稱《規范》)要求清掏周期為3~12個月,實際設計中多取3~9個月,而酸性發酵階段的酸性發酵期為3個月,酸性減退期為5個月左右。實踐證明:清掏周期的取定,應兼顧污水處理效果、建設造價、管理三個方面因素清掏周期一般不宜少于12個月。
    The cleaning period of the septic tank is related to the temperature, temperature, nature of the building and the quality and quantity of the drainage water. If the designed cleaning period is too short, the concentration of manure in the septic tank will be too high, and the difference between the designed cleaning period and the actual cleaning period will be too large, which will affect the normal fermentation and sewage treatment effect, and even cause the overflow of manure and affect the environmental health. If the designed cleaning period is too long, the volume of septic tank will be too large and the cost will be increased. According to the code for design of building water supply and drainage (hereinafter referred to as the code), the cleaning period is 3-12 months, and the actual design takes 3-9 months more, while the acid fermentation period in the acid fermentation stage is 3 months, and the acid degradation period is about 5 months. It has been proved that the cleaning period should not be less than 12 months in general, considering the sewage treatment effect, construction cost and management.
    1.糞便轉運
    1. Fecal transport
    (1)糞便轉運站(場、碼頭)設施應完好、整潔。轉運的糞污水應密閉貯存于貯糞池內。貯糞池應符合防滲漏、防臭氣擴散和防蠅的要求,并設置防火、防爆安全設施。
    (1) Facilities of manure transfer station (yard and wharf) shall be intact and tidy. The transferred waste water shall be stored in a closed tank. The septic tank shall meet the requirements of anti leakage, anti odor diffusion and anti fly, and shall be equipped with fire and explosion-proof safety facilities.
    (2)貯糞池內的糞便應及時轉運,不得外溢。
    (2) The excrement in the septic tank shall be transferred in time and shall not overflow.
    (3)輸糞管道應完好、暢通,閘閥應嚴密,無破損、滴漏。
    (3) The fecal pipeline shall be intact and unblocked, and the gate valve shall be tight without damage and leakage.
    (4)轉運作業時,糞便不得污染水體和作業場地。沖洗作業場地的污水應經適當處理,排入污水管網或收集池,不得直接排入附近水體。
    (4) During the transfer operation, the feces shall not pollute the water body and the operation site. The sewage from the washing operation site shall be properly treated and discharged into the sewage pipe network or collection pool, and shall not be directly discharged into the nearby water body.
    (5)將人力收集車的糞便轉運到機動車時,應保持轉運作業的緊密銜接,不得任意將糞罐、糞桶、手推糞車停放在主要道路上。
    (5) When transferring the excrement of the manual collection vehicle to the motor vehicle, the close connection of the transfer operation shall be maintained, and the excrement tank, the excrement bucket and the hand propelled excrement vehicle shall not be parked on the main road at will.
    (6)卸糞時應謹慎操作,不得將糞便潑灑在卸糞口周圍地面。作業結束,應及時清洗卸糞口及作業場地。
    (6) During defecation, the operation shall be careful, and the feces shall not be spilled on the ground around the defecation mouth. At the end of the operation, the dung discharge port and operation site shall be cleaned in time.
    (7)糞便轉運站(場、碼頭)應有滅蠅措施。在可視范圍內,蒼蠅不超過3只/次,無蛆,臭味不超過4級。
    (7) Fly control measures shall be taken for feces transfer station (yard and wharf). Within the visible range, no more than 3 flies / time, no maggots and no more than 4 levels of odor.
    2.車輛運輸糞便
    2. Transportation of excrement by vehicles
    (1)車輛應完好、整潔,車體無糞跡污物
    (1) The vehicle shall be in good condition and tidy, and the vehicle body shall be free of dirt
    (2)裝載容器應密閉性好。放糞閘閥、進糞口應嚴實,并有防滴漏措施;運輸過程中應無滴漏、灑落,車走后場地應清理干凈。
    (2) The container should be well sealed. The gate valve and inlet shall be tight and provided with anti leakage measures; during transportation, there shall be no leakage and spillage, and the site shall be cleaned after the vehicle leaves.
    (3)裝載應適量,無外溢;裝載的糞便,應及時卸清,不得將糞便長時間存留在車罐容器內。
    (3) The load shall be appropriate without spillover; the loaded feces shall be unloaded in time and shall not be stored in the vehicle tank container for a long time.
    (4)應按指定地點及時卸糞,不得任意排放。
    (4) The excrement shall be discharged in time according to the designated place and shall not be discharged arbitrarily.
    (5)運輸作業結束后,應及時清洗車輛和輔助設施,不得留有糞跡污物。
    (5) After the completion of transportation, the vehicles and auxiliary facilities shall be cleaned in time, and no dirt shall be left.
    清理作業標準
    Cleaning operation standard
    (1)化糞池內清理的糞便污水、污漬清運并妥善處理。
    (1) The waste water and stains cleaned in the septic tank shall be removed and properly treated.
    (2)確保服務范圍內所有化糞池糞便污水不外溢。
    (2) Ensure that all septic tank waste water within the scope of service does not overflow.
    (3)如出現化糞池污水外溢等異常情況,接到通知后須在8小時內到達處理。
    (3) In case of any abnormal situation such as sewage overflow from the septic tank, it shall arrive for treatment within 8 hours after receiving the notice.
    (4)在清理過程中,應當采取相應的安全防范措施。
    (4) In the process of cleaning up, corresponding safety precautions should be taken.
    清理作業程序
    Cleaning procedure
    (1)用鐵鉤打開化糞池的蓋板,再用長竹桿(8m)攪散化糞池內雜物結塊層。
    (1) Open the cover plate of the septic tank with an iron hook, and then use a long bamboo rod (8m) to disperse the sundry caking layer in the septic tank.
    (2)把吸糞車開到工作現場,套好吸糞膠管(5m長,備3條)放入化糞池內。
    (2) Drive the suction truck to the work site, set up the suction hose (5m long, 3 for standby) and put it into the septic tank.
    (3)啟動吸糞車的開關,吸出糞便直至化糞池內的化糞結塊物吸完為止,防止弄臟工作現場和過往行人的衣物。
    (3) Start the switch of the septic truck and suck out the feces until the feces in the septic tank are completely sucked, so as to prevent the work site and the clothes of passers-by from being soiled.
    (4)蓋好化糞池井蓋,用清水沖洗工作現場和所有工具。
    (4) Cover the well cover of the septic tank and wash the working site and all tools with clean water.
    (5)每年清理一次,一級池清運90%,二級池清運75%,三級池硬的表面全部清運。
    (5) Once a year, 90% of the primary tank, 75% of the secondary tank and all the hard surfaces of the tertiary tank shall be cleaned and transported.
    (6)清理后,目視井內無積物浮于上面,出入口暢通,保持污水不溢出地面。
    (6) After cleaning, there is no accumulation floating on the well, the entrance and exit are unblocked, and the sewage does not overflow the ground.
    (7)在化糞池井蓋打開后10~15min,人不站在池邊,禁止在池邊點火或吸煙,以防沼氣著火燒傷人。
    (7) In 10-15 minutes after the septic tank well cover is opened, people are not allowed to stand beside the tank, and it is forbidden to ignite or smoke beside the tank, so as to prevent people from being burned by biogas fire.
    (8)人勿下池工作,防止人員中毒或陷入水中
    (8) Do not work in the pool to prevent people from poisoning or falling into the water
    (9)化糞池井蓋打開后工作員不能離開現場,清潔完畢后,隨手蓋好井蓋,以防行人掉入井內發生意外。
    (9) The workers shall not leave the site after the septic tank well cover is opened. After cleaning, the well cover shall be covered to prevent pedestrians from falling into the well.
    以上就是對濟南化糞池清理作業注意事項的詳細介紹,想要了解更多請點擊官網http://www.bloodofeden.com
    The above is a detailed introduction to the precautions for cleaning the septic tank in Jinan. For more information, please click the official website http://www.bloodofeden.com

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